Lieutenant Governor Antonio Delgado repels challenge from the left at New York Elementary

Antonio Delgado, New York’s deputy governor, won the Democratic primary on Tuesday, securing a convincing victory over his closest challenger, Ana Maria Archila, the longtime activist who has emerged as the left wing’s best chance of winning state office in this election cycle.

Mr. Delgado won despite only entering the race last month, when Governor Cathy Hochhol appointed him as her second deputy in command, replacing former Governor Brian A. Benjamin, who was arrested in a federal crackdown. Financial fraud fees.

But within a few weeks, Mr. Delgado, a former congressman from the Hudson Valley, was able to flood his opponents with millions of dollars spent on television advertising and campaign mail. With Mrs. Hochhol’s backing, he secured the party’s institutional backing and endorsement from the major trade unions, giving him an ultimate advantage as he rushed to present himself to statewide voters.

The election for the state’s second-highest office became one of the most urgent and closely watched contests in Tuesday’s primary after Mr Benjamin’s resignation rocked the race. She highlighted a typically low-ranking office with few legal duties besides the succession of a ruler – a rare occurrence that nonetheless happened to two of the last three rulers.

The race launched competing visions of an office typically used to amplify the governor’s agenda and touched on contentious issues about ideology, Latin representation in government, and the influence of money in the Capitol.

It provided a potentially embarrassing consequence for Mrs. Hochul: had Mrs. Archila scored a surprise, Mrs. Hochul would have shared the Democratic ticket with a fellow candidate not of her choice in the general election.

According to the Associated Press, Delgado won 60% of the Democratic primary vote, with 28% of the projected vote counted. Ms. Archila won 26 percent of the vote, followed by Diana Rina with 14 percent.

Ms. Rina 48, a former city councilwoman from Brooklyn, was the running mate for Representative Thomas Susie of Long Island, who unsuccessfully challenged Ms. Hoechul in the primary.

Delgado’s main rival was thought to be from Ms. Archila, the preferred candidate of the Working Families Party, who sought to galvanize the party’s left wing by launching a campaign of rebellion that won the support of Representatives Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and Nydia Velazquez, and a large number of progressive groups. Ms. Archila, working alongside Juman Williams, the attorney general in New York City, has pledged to use the office of the deputy governor not in a ceremonial role but as a separate forum to respond to the governor’s office.

In Ms. Archila, 43, the party’s progressive activist wing saw its last chance to boot someone into statewide office for the first time, after a string of failed attempts in recent years: Mr. Williams himself came close to ousting Ms. Hochul when she was deputy governor in 2018.

But Archila’s clever campaign did not match Mr. Delgado’s gigantic campaign trail, which helped him spend his opponents 80 to one on the airwaves.

Mr. Delgado poured $5.3 million into the race to pay for the barrage of television and digital ads leading up to Election Day. Archila’s campaign and the Working Families Party spent just $66,000 on ads on her behalf, according to AdImpact, a company that tracks political ad spending.

Mr. Delgado, 45, was elected to Congress in 2018 as part of the so-called blue wave during Trump’s presidency, tipping over a country seat in the House of Representatives in the Hudson Valley and becoming the first person of color to represent the New York area outside of New York City and suburbs in Washington.

A newcomer to the intricacies of state politics, Mrs. Hochhol recruited Mr. Delgado in May to serve as deputy governor and vice-governor in elections after she entered into legislation to remove Mr. Benjamin from the ballot after his arrest. Delgado’s Hochul campaign saw a proven defender who can win in competitive areas and help Ms. Hochul, who is white, achieve inroads among the black and Latino communities.

Delgado, who identifies as Afro-Latino, struggled to explain his Hispanic roots during his first press conference in Albany, angering Latino political leaders who were eager to promote a Latino office to a statewide position for the first time in the state’s history. Concerns about his race were magnified by the Latinas who challenged him; Ms. Archila was born in Colombia, while Ms. Rina is of Dominican-American descent.

During the campaign, Mr. Delgado often highlighted his upbringing in a working-class family in Schenectady and his polished resume as a scholar in Rhodes and a Harvard Law School graduate, as well as his brief stint as a rapper – for example, he has said, on the path Unplanned led to him entering public service.

Mr Delgado said he would work in close partnership with Ms Hochul if elected to a full term and, because of his ties in Washington, serves as a liaison between New York and the federal government.

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